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DPU (Delivered At Place Unloaded)

DPU Meaning in Shipping

DPU, or Delivered at Place Unloaded, is an international shipping term that specifies the seller's responsibility to deliver and unload goods at a designated location in the buyer's country. Under DPU terms, the seller bears all costs and risks associated with transporting and unloading the goods at the agreed destination. This includes all transportation costs, including freight, insurance, and handling charges, up to and including the unloading of the goods at the destination. The buyer then takes over responsibility for import duties, taxes, customs clearance, and any further transport to the final destination. DPU provides clarity in the division of responsibilities, ensuring the buyer only deals with post-unloading obligations.

DPU vs. DAP Terms

While DPU (Delivered at Place Unloaded) and DAP (Delivered At Place) are similar, they differ in a key aspect:

  • DPU (Delivered at Place Unloaded): The seller is responsible for delivering and unloading the goods at the specified destination. The seller covers all costs and risks up to and including unloading the goods at the destination.
  • DAP (Delivered At Place): The seller delivers the goods to the specified destination, but the buyer is responsible for unloading. The seller covers transportation costs and risks up to the delivery point, excluding unloading.

With both DPU and DAP terms, the buyer is responsible for customs clearance and import duties.

DPU vs. DPO Terms

While DPU (Delivered at Place Unloaded) is a widely recognized Incoterm, DPO (Delivered at Place with Obligation) is not a standard term and is rarely used in formal trade agreements. However, it's important to understand how DPU compares to other similar terms.

  • DPU (Delivered at Place Unloaded): Under DPU terms, the seller is responsible for all costs and risks up to the point where the goods are delivered and unloaded at the specified location. The buyer handles customs clearance, import duties, and any additional transport.
  • DPO (Delivered at Place with Obligation): Although not a standard term, if used, DPO would imply that the seller has additional obligations beyond just delivery, potentially including duties, taxes, or other responsibilities typically borne by the buyer. However, without standardization, the specific obligations under DPO would need to be clearly defined in the contract.

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