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EORI number

What is an EORI number?

An Economic Operators Registration and Identification (EORI) number is a unique identifier assigned to businesses engaged in international trade within the European Union (EU) and certain other countries. It serves as a means of tracking and identifying entities involved in import, export, and other customs-related activities.

Who needs an EORI number?

Any business or individual involved in cross-border trade activities within the EU, whether as an importer, exporter, customs agent, or other intermediary, typically requires an EORI number. This includes both EU-based entities and those located outside the EU but engaged in trade with EU member states.

How are EORI numbers used?

EORI numbers are used primarily for customs declarations and other documentation related to international trade transactions. They help customs authorities identify and monitor shipments, verify the legitimacy of traders, and enforce import/export regulations. EORI numbers are included on various customs forms, such as the Single Administrative Document (SAD), to streamline customs clearance processes and facilitate the flow of goods across borders.

How long is an EORI number?

An EORI number typically consists of 12 digits. However, the exact format may vary slightly depending on the country issuing the number. In some cases, it may include additional letters or characters as prefixes or suffixes, but the core numerical part usually remains 12 digits long.